Cobham Nature Reserve is located in the southern Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Park that encompasses afro-montane and grassland habitats. The Maloti-Drakensberg is known for its rugged and spectacular mountain scenery and is a haven for hikers.
In addition to its spectacular scenery the region is also well rewarded as being one of only 23 sites in the world that holds prestigious World Heritage Status for both its biodiversity and for its cultural heritage. It has also been identified as one of seven world Biodiversity Hot Spots and is an international RAMSAR wetland site, supplying water to a large percentage of the South African population.
The weather plays an extremely important role in the shaping of the basalt and sandstone formations that stand out proud in the landscape at Cobham Nature Reserve. In summer, dramatic thunder and lightening operas play along the escarpment, while during the winter month’s snow and fire can ravage across the landscape.
These weather patterns also play a huge part in the structure of the two main vegetation zones each with their own unique plant communities – these are namely the Alti-montain Biome, which ranges from 2500m – 3480m above sea level and the Afro-montane Grassland Biome, which ranges from 1700m – 2500m above sea level. Within each of these zones different bird species occur.